Why Do I Have A Very Dark Period?

By Ameera Mills. Updated: June 27, 2018
Why Do I Have A Very Dark Period?

Menstruation is a stage of our menstrual cycle that happens every month. In this period, the female uterus separates from its lining or endometrium in turn expelling itself in the form of blood from the vagina. The blood or menstrual flow, in general, is a bright red liquid. Sometimes, it can change color and texture. These changes do not have to mean that there you are suffering from any health problems. Menstrual flow is different for each woman and can be influenced by several factors.

In this oneHOWTO article we will be discussing the different colors and textures of a period, specifically looking at why you have a dark period.

You may also be interested in: Why do I Have Dark Brown Period Blood

Color of a menstrual flow

Menstruation usually begins around 12 years old and can last until you are 51. After this you enter your next stage which is called menopause. Menstruation is a monthly cycle that lasts between 3 to 7 days where the body expels blood from the female uterus. This flow or menstrual blood can appear in different colors for different reasons. Here are the different colors that are common in periods:

  • Light red or pale blood: this type of color is very common at the beginning of the period, as well as in the case that a woman is taking contraception. If you are not on the pill or in the first stages of your period then you are most likely experiencing some hormonal changes which are very common in periods.
  • Bright red: this color can be considered the most frequent color in most menstrual periods.
  • Orange menstrual flow: an orange color during menstrual bleeding may mean that blood has mixed with other fluids from the uterus. It can also mean that you may have some type of infection, therefore in this case, it is advisable to go to your gynecologist for a checkup.
Why Do I Have A Very Dark Period? - Color of a menstrual flow

Why do I have a dark period- main causes

Sometimes your period can appear in darker tones or even black. These are some possible causes of why you have the very dark period:

Very dark red or purple

If your blood has a purple or very dark red tone you don’t have to worry. This is probably because your menstrual blood has been stored in the uterus for longer than usual before being expelled. It most commonly occurs at the beginning of your period, and likely contains old blood from previous menstruation.

Brown or black blood

If your period appears to be brown or straight black it is also likely that, as in the previous case, it contains blood remnants from your last menstruation. The difference with the purple period is that, it is expelled in the last days of your current period. Another reason why you may have this very dark period or a brownish flow is because it is not blood but, in fact, part of the endometrial tissue that was stored in the uterus.

It is also particularly normal to have a dark period when you are experiencing irregular periods or common hormonal imbalances.

Why Do I Have A Very Dark Period? - Why do I have a dark period- main causes

Menstrual blood and its different textures

Not only can the color of you period vary but so can its texture. Listed below are the most common textures and their causes:

  • Flow or gelatinous blood: when the blood expelled during the menstrual period has this texture it means that it was mixed with the mucus of the cervix and is normal.
  • Blood clots: it is very common to have them in very abundant menstrual periods because the body cannot produce enough anticoagulants in time.
  • Very light or fine blood: as in the first case, this is due to the mixture of your period with mucus remnants from the cervix and is common at the beginning of a period.
  • Tissues: If tissue remnants from your endometrium appear in your period it can be easily confused with blood clots. This could be a symptom of having suffered a miscarriage of sorts and we suggest seeing a doctor immediately.
Why Do I Have A Very Dark Period? - Menstrual blood and its different textures

Illnesses that can affect your period

When the color of your menstrual period suddenly changes, it could be a symptom of a health problem. Listed below are some illnesses that can affect your period:

  • Hyperthyroidism: is a disorder that occurs when our body can not produce normal levels of thyroid hormones. Your menstrual period may be lighter and accompanied by weight loss, muscle weakness and/or hand tremors.
  • Disorders in the pituitary gland: prolactinoma or a generally benign tumor can sometimes develop in your pituitary gland. The symptoms and the color of your period will appear lighter and accompanied by weight loss and/or weakness.
  • Dysmenorrhea: is a menstrual disorder that is characterized by the appearance of colic or very acute pain during the menstrual period.
  • Cervical cancer: there is a possibility that if you are experiencing irregular bleeding when you are not on your period, that is, between menstrual cycles, it may be a symptom of the development of cervical cancer.

If you feel that you are experiencing any of the above mentioned, we suggest seeing your doctor or gynecologist as soon as possible.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to Why Do I Have A Very Dark Period?, we recommend you visit our Family health category.

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