Why Are My Gums Bleeding

By Max. D Gray. Updated: January 16, 2017
Why Are My Gums Bleeding

Gums bleed because they are inflamed. People often think that their gums are bleeding because they brushed their teeth too roughly or slipped when flossing. However, this is unlikely to cause bleeding. Inflammation and bleeding gums is a sign of an oral or haematological disease. Read the following OneHowTo article for a better idea of why your gums are bleeding.

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Steps to follow:

The main cause of bleeding gums is the accumulation of plaque around the gum line, which causes it to become inflamed and bleed: a condition known as gingivitis. If you do not go to the dentist for a regular check-up and clean, plaque builds up and hardens into tartar, causing bleeding to deteriorate.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding - Step 1

The hardening of plaque into tartar signals the onset of periodontal disease or periodontitis. This alters the consistency and flow of bleeding and is capable of damaging the jawbone and even provoke a receding gum. Many people lose teeth as a result of periodontitis.


Leukaemia is another cause of bleeding gums. When someone suffers from a severe disease such as Leukaemia, or excess platelet production, it is common for them to experience bleeding gums. Controlling this disease will be necessary to stop the bleeding.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding - Step 3

The use of anticoagulants can also cause bleeding gums. When taking this type of medication, blood is thinner than usual, and it is normal to bleed more when an injury is sustained. This side effect stops when medication is stopped.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding - Step 4

Smoking is a major cause of gingivitis and periodontitis and is therefore also responsible for causing bleeding gums. Smoking, due to the heat produced in the mouth and multiple chemicals found in the cigarette, can easily cause the gums to become inflamed. Giving up smoking reduces the risk of periodontal disease, tongue cancer and oropharyngeal cancer.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding - Step 5

Lack of oral hygiene is another major reason why your gums might be bleeding, as it increases plaque and cavities. Brush your teeth and floss every day: upon waking, after every meal and before bed. Also, see a dentist every six months for a thorough dental clean.

Why Are My Gums Bleeding - Step 6

Diabetes, birth control pills, misaligned teeth, a poor diet, pregnancy and genetics are also responsible for bleeding gums. If you've noticed your gums bleeding for a month or more, make an appointment to see your dentist.


To find out how to treat inflammation of the gums, see the following articles: How to reduce gum inflammation and How to care for your teeth and gums properly.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to Why Are My Gums Bleeding, we recommend you visit our Family health category.

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