What is the Treatment for Zika Virus
The Zika virus, also known as ZIKV, is a type of virus that is part of the Flaviviridae family and is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes group, which is also responsible for other viral infections such as dengue or chikungunya. In this case, the symptoms an affected person presents are milder, but when they appear it's important to adopt the necessary measures to improve their health and avoid possible complications. Moreover, it's important to know the guidelines you should follow to prevent this type of viral infections, especially if you live or travel to the areas where these invertebrate creatures are present. Pay attention to this oneHOWTO article and discover the treatment for Zika virus.
The zika virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquito bites, which is generally present in tropical and subtropical areas in America. It's also possible that other invertebrate animals are carriers of this disease, such as ticks.
Once the person is infected, there will be an incubation period that usually lasts between 3 to 12 days and will be followed by the first symptoms. These are not very severe, which is why in general, they will last between 2 to 7 days. The most common symptoms of zika include fever, articular pain, skin rash, eye redness, conjunctivitis, vomit, abdominal pain, diarrhea, muscle pain, tiredness and headache.
However, we should also point out that in many cases, this infection does not manifest itself through the aforementioned symptoms and may be mistaken for other similar diseases such as dengue or chikungunya.
At this moment, there is no specific treatment to treat Zika virus specifically, infected people must follow the recommendations given by the doctor in each specific case in order to reduce and ease the symptoms that may appear. Usually, a doctor will prescribe acetaminophen, which is commercially named Tylenol.
One of the most important measures the patient should adopt is to rest as much as possible to improve their well-being and recover faster and easier. The patient should avoid physical activity and big physical efforts that could worsen their condition and make symptoms worse.
As we've mentioned, though it's not usually very high, it's frequent for an infected person to have a bit of a fever. To try to lower your temperature and avoid symptoms of this condition, such as cold sweats and tremors, you can take an antipyretic, though you should always follow the doctor's orders. Moreover, you can also apply cold cloths on the patient's forehead and other parts of the body to reduce the fever, as well as taking lukewarm baths for some minutes.
It's also possible to resort to pain relievers, such as Paracetamol, to favor the patient's well-being and fight headaches, articular and muscle pain that can be caused by the zika virus. In this case, it's recommended to avoid acetylsalicylic acid or painkillers such as Ibuprofen until you are not sure it's not dengue, as there could be a risk of internal hemorrhage if that were true. You should also remember to read the instructions before taking any pills and follow the indications given by the doctor.
Apart from all of this, in order to prevent the body's dehydration and an excess liquid and mineral loss, it's essential to increase water consumption as well as other healthy liquids throughout the day. It's especially necessary when the patient vomits or has diarrhea as a consequence of the infection. Apart from drinking plenty of water, you can resort to sports drinks, oral rehydration solution or other homemade rehydration remedies.
We advise you to take a look at the symptoms of dehydration and to go to the doctor as soon as possible if you have these symptoms.
In cases where the infection of zika has originated the appearance of a rash in any part of your body, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines to reduce the itching and favoring the skin to get back to its normal state as soon as possible. If you also want to help reduce itchiness instantly, you can apply relieving and refreshing creams such as those containing aloe vera, camphor or zinc oxide. Do no scratch the area under any circumstances or it could make your condition worse or cause bleeding if you scratch too much.
What should you do if you're looking after a person with Zika virus? A person caring for a patient with Zika should be highly cautious when dealing with their patient, as they will need to protect themselves from possible exposure.
As a general rule, you should not have direct contact with any bodily fluids or blood with the patient; this includes vomit, urine and stool. For more information, we advise you check all the ways you can prevent Zika virus.
Women who are pregnant should take extra precautions to care for someone with zika virus. This is why they should clean the whole room where the patient with Zika virus is in every day with appropriate products, clean any traces of blood from surfaces immediately, wash hands with pH neutral soap after leaving the room and wash clothes after having treated the patient.
There is not a vaccine that helps prevent this infection, which is why there are certain measures that should be adopted to stay away from the mosquito and prevent the zika virus.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to What is the Treatment for Zika Virus, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.
- Pregnant women with Zika virus should be closely monitored by professionals during 3 to 4 weeks in order to