What is the Difference Between Sadness and Depression
We often tend to confuse sadness and depression. Differentiating between the two is not easy and, beyond theoretical dissertations on the subject, it is never easy to sit in front of a person and be able to tell if they suffer from depression or are just sad. Doctors are not spared from this problem and can sometimes err in their diagnosis of depression. Here at OneHowTo we'll see what the difference between sadness and depression is to try to clarify this issue.
The first thing to do is to learn the real difference between depression from sadness. When we talk about depression we mean a psychological illness characterized by a state of deep sadness or distress. A depression can become chronic if it lasts at least six months.
Sadness is a mood as normal as joy, a mood in the emotional spectrum of people. The loss of a loved one, personal problems, weather or hormonal changes in the case of women, can cause us grief in the same way that the birth of a child or a promotion at work produce joy. Thus, the first difference between sadness and depression is that depression is an illness and sadness a more emotional state.
One of the most prominent symptoms of depression is distorted view of reality which prevents the sufferer overcome everyday situations that anyone, including those who are sad, overcome without problems. This lack of energy or interest in normal activities or loss of concentration to deal with them are symptoms of depression. Symptoms of catatonia may also be discovered. A lack or excess sleep and appetite are other symptoms. If at the same stage the person reacts with anger, irritability, anxiety or despair, we are talking of sadness.
Another difference between sadness and depression is the duration. Sadness can be temporary, lasting a few days or weeks, but will fade with the passage of time. However, depression is a more consistent, persistent, long-term problem that needs to be treated. Sadness is easily overcome and depression needs treatment.
Depressed people therefore need to go to mental health professionals like psychologists whilst sad individuals do not need that help.
See our OneHowTo tips on how to beat depression.
There is also a difference in the types of depression and sadness. There are a lot of types of depression but as we said at the beginning sadness is normal in the mood of the people as much as symptoms change from one to another person.
OneHowTo recommends that, if you suspect you suffer from depression, see a specialist to give you the necessary diagnosis. With neuro-imaging, they can check a series of brain abnormalities related to depression that are not reflected in sad people.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to What is the Difference Between Sadness and Depression, we recommend you visit our Mental health category.