What Causes Strep Throat

By Nidhi Nangia. Updated: January 16, 2017
What Causes Strep Throat

Strep throat is a contagious bacterial infection that causes pain and inflammation in the throat. You may feel absolutely fine one day, and suddenly suffer from extreme throat pain, high fever and diminished energy. Here, Strep means Streptococcus pyogenes, which is a strain of bacteria that can survive in your nose and throat for weeks and months. Read this article to know about what causes strep throat, what its symptoms are, how it can be treated, and ways to prevent it.

You may also be interested in: What Causes a Sore Throat - All Possible Reasons

Causes of strep throat

Streptococci bacteria are everywhere, and they are many times present on our skin and in the throat. But they do not always lead to strep throat. In fact, the bacterium is infectious, and is passed around by just coughing, sneezing and cold viruses. Someone with the infection may have his saliva or mucus on his hand, and pass it on to you through a hand shake or other physical contact. Teenagers and students are the most common victims of strep throat, because they study in classrooms which may have infected people. If you have recently been to a hospital, you have a higher risk of catching the infection too.

What Causes Strep Throat - Causes of strep throat

Symptoms of strep throat

If you have pain in your throat, how would you identify whether it is strep throat, or just throat soreness. In addition to fever, chills, sweating, headache, high pulse, nausea, vomiting and swollen tonsils, you may also experience white and red patches in the throat, swollen and tender glands on the sides of your neck, difficulty swallowing, loss of appetite, skin rash, enlarged red tonsils and stomach pain. All these symptoms indicate that you have strep throat.

For more detailed information you can take a look at our article on the symptoms of a throat infection.

What Causes Strep Throat - Symptoms of strep throat

Treatment methods

If you have been diagnosed with the condition of strep throat, then your doctor will give you antibiotics for treating the infection. These drugs will inhibit the spread of the bacteria, thus relieving your condition. Some common and most effective strep throat antibiotics are amoxicillin and penicillin. It is important to finish the complete course of the treatment, as even if your symptoms have improved, the symptoms may return if you do not kill the infection completely.

What Causes Strep Throat - Treatment methods

Preventing strep throat

Avoid physical contact with infected people. If you are studying in the same classroom, you can ask the infected person to not attend the classes until at least 48 hours after treatment. Also do not use any infected person’s things, as his or her saliva or mucus on it may enter your body and infect you.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to What Causes Strep Throat, we recommend you visit our Family health category.

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