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What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

By Max. D Gray. Updated: January 16, 2017
What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

The incidence of testicular cancer is considered very low when compared to other types of tumours, representing between 0.5 to 1% of cases of cancer in men. However, it is a condition that has become more and come common in the last 20 years. That's why it is important to be aware of the main signs of this disease to detect it in time and see a specialist. If you've ever wondered what the symptoms of cancer in the testicles are, keep reading. In this OneHowTo article we explain in detail the main signs and key information about this disease.

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1

The risk of many tumours increases as people age and reach 50 or 60 years, as in the case of prostate cancer. However testicular cancer is considered a disease that mainly affects young men between 20 and 39 years, being extremely rare after this age.

There are also other risk factors that increase the possibility of its development, among them are:

  • Having a family history of testicular cancer.
  • Having suffered some kind of abnormal development of the testicles.
  • Having an undescended testicle, normally after birth.
What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer - Step 1
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The testicular cancer symptoms that are most common include:

  • The presence of a lump in the testicle. This lump usually is not painful or disturbing, however, a small group of patients may have pain that increases with time.
  • Swelling or enlargement of one testicle, usually as a result of the lump. The patient may also feel that the affected testicle weighs a little more than the other one.
  • Abdominal pain, or pain in the back or groin.
  • Some patients may experience an increase in their breast size as a result of increased hormone chorionic gonadotropin, a signal which should be paid due attention.
What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer - Step 2
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Those in the stated age range and who also suffer from one or more risk factors, should examine their testicles frequently in order to detect any irregularities. This procedure will be key to determine the existence of the disease in its earliest stage.

After suspecting this condition, it is essential to visit an urologist, who may conduct studies to identify the source of the problem. Some of the screening methods for testicular cancer are:

  • Ultrasound of the testicles.
  • Blood test for tumour markers.
  • Studies can be carried out such as CT and MRI to determine if the tumour has spread to another part of the body.
What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer - Step 3
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Testicular cancer treatment depends on the stage in which the disease is found. Common treatments include:

  • Removal surgery: this is commonly used in stage I of the disease. The aim is to remove the tumour through an inguinal incision. You may also need to have affected lymph nodes removed.
  • Chemotherapy: a treatment for patients in stage II and III and also in some cases in stage I and preventively after surgery.
  • Radiotherapy: also used to treat some types of testicular cancer in stages I and II.

In addition to its low incidence, this type of cancer has a favourable prognosis healing that is around 95%, which varies depending on the stage at which the disease is found.

What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer - Step 4

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to What are the Symptoms of Testicular Cancer, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.

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