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What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment

By Max. D Gray. Updated: January 16, 2017
What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment

Blurred vision or the appearance of black spots in your vision can be signs of a detached retina. It is a common disease, especially in people over 50 or in patients with high myopia. When the retina becomes detached, the size of the capsule that surrounds the eye gel (known as the "vitreous humour") shrinks in size, causing tearing and the fluid then leaks into the eye. This can occur for a variety of different reasons. We discuss them below in this OneHowTo article so you can know the causes of retinal detachment.

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Steps to follow:
1

To find out if you are suffering from a detached retina, it is important that you learn how to detect the symptoms and, if you have them, you see a doctor immediately to begin with the most appropriate treatment for your situation. Among the symptoms are:

  • Seeing flashing lights that dazzle like when you see sunlight.
  • The emergence of something like a black curtain on either side of the visual field.
  • Having blurry vision is also an indicator of retinal detachment.
  • In the most extreme cases there may be some burst blood vessels in the eye due to trauma.

In this OneHowTo article we explain in detail what the symptoms of retinal detachment are.

What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment - Step 1
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One of the causes of retinal detachment is simply aging. The liquid that fills the eyeball (the vitreous humour) is attached to the retina at the back of the eye. Over the years, this fluid can change shape and can break away from the retina. The detachment occurs when the vitreous pulls on the retina and separates a piece of it causing the symptoms of retinal detachment described above.

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People who have a high myopia (of more than 5 dioptres) are at increased risk of retinal detachment. For this reason, it is essential that annual medical check-ups to monitor eye health are completed to detect if the vitreous is moving.

What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment - Step 3
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Another factor that causes retinal detachment is having previously had an eye disease. These projects include severe inflammation, infectious conjunctivitis and even if you have had complications with diabetes. Tumors may also induce this condition in the retina. When the cause of retinal detachment is a prior condition, it is known as "secondary retinal detachment" and there may not be the tears or holes present.

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Retinal detachment may also occur due to a trauma injury, such as having suffered an accident or a sudden blow to the eye. With this type of injury, it is likely that the vitreous pulls away from the retina, leading to a detached retina. Therefore, it is recommended that if you have suffered a blow in the eye, you should immediately go to an ophthalmologist to check that anything is alright and to check for any serious injury.

What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment - Step 5
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Another risk factor for retinal detachment is your family medical history. Many patients with this condition come from a family that has suffered this type of disease and therefore, they are genetically predisposed to develop it throughout their lives.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.

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What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Retinal Detachment
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