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What Are The Causes Of Pharyngitis

By Max. D Gray. Updated: January 25, 2017
What Are The Causes Of Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx and one of the most common diseases affecting the ear, throat and respiratory tract area. This common ailment can be caused by many reasons and this OneHowTo article will tell you the causes of pharyngitis. You'll be able to take adequate measures to protect your health and prevent this annoying and uncomfortable condition.

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Causes of pharyngitis

This throat disease can be caused by various reasons but considering the factor that triggers the disease, can be classified into acute or chronic pharyngitis. And below you can see the reasons that cause this condition in each type of pharyngitis.

Remember that if you suspect you are suffering from pharyngitis it is essential that you visit your doctor for a thorough check-up and receive the most appropriate treatment for your case.

What Are The Causes Of Pharyngitis - Causes of pharyngitis

Acute pharyngitis

In most cases, the cause of acute pharyngitis is usually a viral infection, this type of pharyngitis is very contageous and infectious. It often comes from the flu or paroinfluenza virus. Often, there are additional bacterial infections that are called secondary infections, but bacteria alone do not cause acute pharyngitis. If the pharyngeal mucosa is intensely inflamed with bacteria it is usually caused by streptococci (type A, pathogens of scarlet fever) and pneumococci.

Chronic pharyngitis

Chronic pharyngitis: the causes are often substances which are in prolonged contact with the mucosa of the pharynx. There are also various physical triggers that can cause and even accelerate the state to chronic pharyngitis. Depending on the cause, there are different types of chronic pharyngitis, which we list you below.

What Are The Causes Of Pharyngitis - Chronic pharyngitis

Types of chronic pharyngitis by cause

These are the different types of chronic pharyngitis that there are:

  • Respiratory chronic pharyngitis: the trigger is a very dusty and dry environment. For example, if you are in contact with air conditioners you can end up sick. It can also be caused by smoking, by ingesting toxic substances and radiation. Another cause that can cause the disease is if you breathe through your mouth a lot, because this irritates mucosa.
  • Digestive chronic pharyngitis: the most common cause is alcohol intake or food that is too hot or spicy. Gastric juice become irritated and can cause pharyngitis.
  • Allergic chronic pharyngitis: the factor that causes this type of disease usually allergies.
  • Metabolic chronic pharyngitis: caused by metabolic disorders such as Diabetes or hormonal changes such as menopause and hypothyroidism.

Complications of pharyngitis

Although not very likely if pharyngitis is treated well, it can lead to a more extensive and complicated infection that can then lead to endocarditis (infection of the heart tissue) and glomerulonephritis (kidney infection). Both are severe conditions which require a hospital stay, may also have more complications around the tonsils and cause abscesses. Anyway, be careful and remember the risks of untreated illness.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to What Are The Causes Of Pharyngitis, we recommend you visit our Family health category.

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