The different Types of Childbirth

By Max. D Gray. Updated: March 30, 2017
The different Types of Childbirth

If you're pregnant or you are planning for a baby, it's normal for you to want to find out about the different types of childbirth. Do you know what they are? These are irrespective of where the childbirth takes place, because they are often unpredictable and can throw all planning out the window. Childbirth can be vaginal or abdominal (in which case, a cesarean section is performed). There are many different types of childbirth, such as spontaneous, induced, premature or natural. Next, this OneHowTo article will give you the best explanation of the different types of childbirth.

You may also be interested in: What is the First Period After Childbirth Like?

Natural childbirth

Natural childbirth occurs without any sort of medication, and it's the woman who decides the position they want to give birth in. Numerous studies have shown the upright position to be very positive and beneficial for encouraging childbirth, and that the horizontal position makes it harder. With the woman upright, the birth canal is widened and the force of gravity aids the delivery of the baby. Whichever way it is, it will be the woman who decides the position in which they want to give birth, and that which is the most comfortable and natural for her.

One of the forms of natural childbirth is a water birth; an increasingly popular way to go into labor. The water promotes dilation, and it allows the mother to be in a more natural position. In addition, the mother finds it easier to relax and the sensation of pain is reduced. Furthermore, the water temperature is good for the baby because it is similar to amniotic fluid, and the transition is gradual and pleasant.

Did you know that castor oil can speed up labour contractions?

The different Types of Childbirth - Natural childbirth

Premature childbirth

When we talk about premature childbirth, we refer to those that occur between the 28th and 37th week of the pregnancy. This type of childbirth happens to around 10% of pregnant women. It is not only associated with obstetrical problems, but also with a higher rate of problems for the new-born, in some cases causing death. Immature childbirth is another type of premature childbirth, which occurs between weeks 20 and 28. If anything happens before the 20th week, an abortion would need to take place.

The problem with premature childbirth is that the chances of a baby surviving are slimmer, and it's possible that they will develop serious problems: cerebral palsy, breathing problems, mental or developmental delay, loss of vision and hearing, digestive difficulties, and behavioral and/or learning problems. Some of the risk factors which cause premature births are: maternal diseases affecting the urinary, vaginal and renal tracts, diabetes, thyroid disorders, heart problems, previous abortions, previous premature births, uterine anomalies, mothers being under 18 or over 35 years old, hemorrhages, very stressful and hard work, fetal malformations, obesity, gestational diabetes, tobacco and poor nutrition, among other factors.

Induced labour

Induced labor is the name of the childbirth which is provoked following medical consideration. There are several justifications for inducing childbirth. One of the most important considerations is the mother's illnesses which could pose a serious risk to the health of the fetus or the pregnancy, as can happen with hypertension or diabetes (particularly type I). Other grounds for induced labor are heart, lung, liver or kidney diseases, bleeding, uterus infections or a form of cancer.

If the pregnancy is taking too long, this can also be a decisive reason to induce labor. If the gestation period exceeds 42 weeks, the aging of the placenta may hinder the baby's nutrition and endanger its health.

Another reason to induce labor is the early rupture of membranes. Once the water breaks, it is normal for contractions to start, which is then followed by the start of the dilation process. If this doesn't take place, labor must be induced owing to the risk of infection for both mother and baby. Before inducing labor, you always have to make sure that the lungs are sufficiently developed.

One reason why doctors decide to induce labor is the presence of meconium in the amniotic fluid. If the specialist sees that the liquid contains meconium (which are the baby's first stools), it will be necessary to terminate the gestation process because it's a clear sign that something is happening to the baby, since it has defecated in the womb and it could die if it is inhaled.

Intrauterine growth retardation is another reason why labor may be induced. Here, the fetus stops growing at a healthy rate in the uterus, indicating a disturbance which hinders the child's nutrition.

There are also other non-medical reasons that may be conclusive for making this decision. If a woman has already had a premature birth, if the fetus develops very fast, or if she lives far from a hospital, among others.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to The different Types of Childbirth, we recommend you visit our Family health category.

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