Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms

By Max. D Gray. Updated: January 16, 2017
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that can affect any menstruating woman. This syndrome usually manifests two weeks before the start of a woman's period. It causes many physical and emotional symptoms, which are different in each patient. Some women only feel minor discomfort while in others symptoms may be so severe that it even hinders the performance of their daily activities. Here this OneHowTo article will specify what all the symptoms of PMS are and will give the best indications and remedies to combat it so you can feel good during those days of the month.

You may also be interested in: Why Do I Cry When I'm On My Period?
Steps to follow:

The exact causes of PMS are unknown and are not entirely clear, but experts say it could be related to a hormonal imbalance which occurs during the menstrual cycle, and which affects some women more than others. This imbalance occurs between oestrogen which increases, and progesterone which could cause water and sodium retention with generalised swelling.

It can also be caused due to a psychological component, nutrition and a woman's surroundings. In addition, it has been observed that there are certain groups of women who are more likely to suffer from it. These are:

  • Women who are between 27 and 29 years old and women over 40 years old.
  • Women who suffer from depression or who have had this disorder in the past.
  • Women who have had at least one child.
  • Women who have suffered from mood disorders or who have been through postpartum depression.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms - Step 1

PMS symptoms usually manifest in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, i.e. between days 14 and 28 and usually stop when your period starts. However, some women also experience discomfort during their period and some of the symptoms are detailed below. The duration of PMS varies in different women. In some cases it may be present for just one or two days, and in others, over a longer period of time.

The most common physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are:

  • Tenderness and swelling in the breasts
  • Aches and general malaise
  • Bloating and feeling full of gas
  • Swelling of the hands and feet
  • Weight gain
  • Headaches
  • Back pains
  • Increased appetite and a strong desire to consume certain foods
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Dry skin or skin with acne
  • Fatigue
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms - Step 2

On the other hand, PMS is a condition that also affects women on an emotional and behavioural level. In this case, the symptoms which are usually present include:

  • Irritability and nervousness
  • Depression
  • Changes in mood, with possible bouts of crying
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Sleep disorders
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Social withdrawal
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms - Step 3

There is no specific medical treatment for PMS, but by making certain changes to your lifestyle and taking a number of simple measures, you can greatly reduce your symptoms and feel much better. In the event that the pains are very intense, you should consult your doctor, as they may prescribe some type of medication to reduce them. Take a note of the following recommendations that will help you to cope with this condition:

  • Make dietary changes. Your diet must be balanced, rich in fruits and vegetables and low in fat, sodium and sugars. It is also advisable to reduce your consumption of caffeine and alcohol.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay well hydrated and combat fluid retention.
  • Have enough rest and sleep at least 7 to 8 hours daily.
  • Reduce stress by doing activities that you find relaxing, having a relaxing treatment or practicing some breathing techniques.
  • Exercise moderately, as this contributes to the release of endorphins which are hormones that provide wellbeing and can help to improve your mood.
  • Wear loose clothing and comfortable shoes to avoid discomfort, due to inflammation in certain parts of the body.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms - Step 4

In addition to adopting the above measures, you can also try to relieve PMS with natural remedies, which can easily be used in the comfort of your home. The most effective are:

  • Drinking relaxing infusions with anti-inflammatory properties such as chamomile, evening primrose, or basil.
  • Apply heat to the belly area, either through a pad or a hot water bottle.
  • Take hot or warm baths.
  • Perform an abdominal self-massage by applying a little evening primrose oil. This is a product which contains polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E, which are most effective in combatting PMS symptoms.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms - Step 5

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms, we recommend you visit our Family health category.

  • If you haven't been able to reduce the symptoms of PMS with natural remedies, visit your doctor as he/she will prescribe an appropriate treatment

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