Hyperhidrosis or Excessive Sweating: Causes, Treatments and Cures
Perspiration is a normal process in the skin. It serves to maintain a constant body temperature, but when it comes to excessive sweating, when you sweat far more than necessary, then we're talking about hyperhidrosis. This condition is very uncomfortable for the sufferer as it can interfere with their personal lives and social relationships. It usually affects specific areas such as the armpits, feet, hands or pubic region in most cases. It is the result of overactive sweat glands and it can be caused by hereditary components or other conditions or diseases. To learn more, read this OneHowTo article in which we show in detail how to treat hyperhidrosis.
One can distinguish between primary hyperhidrosis and secondary hyperhidrosis. The first refers to that which affects one or two localized areas of the body and, although the exact causes are unknown, it is worth noting that there may be an important hereditary factor. Instead, the second is when excessive sweating is caused by another condition or disease such as anxiety, obesity, menopause, hyperthyroidism, heart disease, infections etc.
In any case, patients suffering from hiperhidrosis feature excessive sweating, which can become so excessive that it can interfere with daily tasks, as the individual is literally soaked and so is their clothing. It can even cause nasty infections or skin lesions. Furthermore, this condition makes the affected individual feel stress and embarrassment. This hinders their personal, social and work life. Given this, it is best to visit your doctor to know for sure what is causing the problem and to initiate the appropriate treatment in each case.
Depending on the patient's grade of hyperhidrosis, the medical professional can recommend a treatment or another as the sweating may occur in specific areas or, conversely, be somewhat uncontrollable throughout the whole body. Usually, the first form of treatment is antiperspirants for pharmaceutical use. These are available over the counter. These products contain aluminium salts and they applied to the skin of the affected area to prevent and to combat excessive sweating. They work by blocking the excretory ducts of the sweat glands, preventing the flow of bodily fluids.
Generally, experts recommend the use of such products before resorting to more aggressive treatment to cure hyperhidrosis. There are antiperspirants with different concentrations of aluminium chloride, which depending on the severity of the case may be prescribed with higher doses.
In other cases, to treat excessive sweating, the practitioner may prescribe oral medication. These medicines are usually prescribed for this purpose in specific cases and for a short time because they can have significant side effects, for example, dry mouth, constipation or blurred vision. These act by preventing stimulation of the sweat glands which then prevents the onset of profuse sweating.
Furthermore, there are other procedures to combat hyperhidrosis such as Iontophoresis. This is a technique whereby the sweat channels are closed temporarily by low voltage electric currents. To perform this treatment, the patient must enter a kind of water bath and a practitioner will apply an electrical current through the water, which will increase progressively to cause a tingling sensation. The therapy can be performed in a clinic or also at home if you have the equipment necessary to do so.
Another medical procedure to treat hyperhidrosis is a botox treatment. which gives good results in cases of excessive sweating is the application of botulinum toxin in the affected area. This neurotoxin is used, in most cases, for aesthetic purposes, when it is used to temporarily block hyperhidrosis in those nerves that stimulate the secretion of sweat glands. Feet and armpits injections are applied in the area for several months and it can also be done on the hands. It is important that this treatment is done correctly to avoid damaging muscle structures, as this could affect the patient's mobility. Also, special care must be taken not to cause complications such as bruising, swelling, pain or decreased sensation.
Only in very severe hyperhidrosis cases where other treatments do not work, your doctor may consider the possibility of a surgical technique. This is an operation in which the communication between the nerves and the nodules that trigger the sweat glands are cut.
In addition to these treatments, If your hyperhidrosis is affecting your feet, we recommend that take a look at the advice we give you in our article on home remedies to stop feet from sweating. There are simple measures that can help to minimize the problem and can be adapted for hands too!
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to Hyperhidrosis or Excessive Sweating: Causes, Treatments and Cures, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.