How to treat venous ulcers
Venous ulcers are ulcers that are located some depth within a vein. They are usually generated by chronic venous insufficiency, being a disease predominant in women, especially over 30 years old. The depth of venous ulcers is variable, and can sometimes be covered by an exudate. Although in most cases they are not a serious condition, they can cause some discomfort and affect the aesthetic appearance of the legs. So at OneHowTo.com, we explain how to treat venous ulcers and improve the symptoms.
Venous ulcers are usually caused by a defect in the functioning of one-way valves in the veins, this failure causes blood to pool in the vein which becomes inflamed and worstens to this condition. Other causes of this condition are alterations in the communicating veins, deep vein or vein wall.
Certain risk factors increase the chance of developing venous ulcers:
- Being a woman, because this condition is more common in females.
- Old age.
- Having a family history of this condition or having had varicose veins
- Suffering from obesity.
- Routinely spending long periods of the day sitting or standing.
In cases of venous ulcers it is important to see a doctor, because sometimes the aches and pains require pain medication. Similarly it is prudent that a specialist checks the area and gives professional recommendations for a speedy recovery.
When treating venous ulcers at home, it is necessary to keep the injury thoroughly cleaned of any external agents, thus avoiding infection and complications. We recommend washing the ulcer twice daily with mild soap and water, then you should thoroughly clean the area with saline solution in a gauze.
Cover the injury with an appropriate patch for venous ulcers, helping to maintain the protected lesion, minimizing the possibility of infection. At the same time, it is required to compress the ulcer with appropriate bandages to prevent blood from pooling in this area causing major complications.
Raising the legs slightly helps facilitate circulation and decreases the discomfort of venous ulcers, promoting faster recovery. It is advisable not to leave the limb hanging so as not to affect circulation.
The application of antiseptics may be necessary in order to minimize the infection, which is why the opinion of a professional is very important in the treatment of venous ulcers. Additionally, if changes in lifestyle are not made, varicose ulcers may appear again, so it is important to prevent them with some measures:
- Eating a balanced and healthy diet, eating fruits , vegetables and lean meats daily without abusing sweets, alcohol or pastries. In patients with obesity, weight loss is essential.
- Avoid sedentary life by performing moderate exercise every day: walking, swimming, cycling, using the elliptical trainer. Any activity that allows you to move reduces the possibility that these lesions will appear again.
- You should limit activities that require you to spend much time standing or sitting. In these cases, short walks are highly recommended.
- It is important to promote circulation through changes in water temperature. A jet of cold water to the legs after a bath is very beneficial.
- Follow all instructions from your doctor to avoid complications.
There are surgical solutions for venous ulcers that can dramatically improve your quality of life. For more information consult your doctor.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
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