How to Treat Rectal Inflammation
Proctitis, also known as rectal inflammation is a condition that can cause great discomfort, pain and anal bleeding. The causes are varied such as STIs, Crohn's disease or even salmonella. However, in most cases recovery occurs promptly and without complications if you follow your doctor's recommendations. On oneHOWTO we explain more about this condition for you to discover how to treat rectal inflammation.
Common causes of rectal inflammation or proctitis
Rectal inflammation may be due to various causes, but generally speaking, the most common are:
- Salmonella or shigella
- Bacterial infections occurring after taking antibiotics.
- bearer of an autoimmune disease
- anal fistula
- STD or STIs
- due to harmful substances that have come into contact with the rectum
- due to radiotherapy to treat certain forms of cancer
Once the cause of rectal inflammation is detected, a doctor can prescribe appropriate treatment according to the underlying cause of this condition.
Symptoms of rectal inflammation
Now that we know about the causes of proctitis,let's take a look at the main symptoms of rectal inflammation are:
- Pain and discomfort in the rectum
- Pain in the abdomen
- Blood and pain during bowel movements
- In some cases mucus secretions present in the rectum
What should I take for rectal inflammation?
When rectal inflammation discomfort is obvious, you should go immediately to a doctor for a thorough check-up. With a stool examination and proctoscopy, diagnosis is usually achieved. Depending on the origin of the disease treatment generally involves applying Antibiotics to eliminate the infection. Steroids can also be specified depending on the type of rectal inflammation.
Let's take a closer look at what medication you will need to be prescribed for rectal inflammation:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: A doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs in order to reduce the inflammation of the rectum.
- Anti-fungal or antibiotics: Depending on the cause of the infection, you will be prescribed one or another, i.e anti-fungal drugs for fungal infections and antibiotics for virus-related infections.
- Immunosuppressants: If the reason for rectal inflammation is Crohn's disease or other reasons such as HIV, then you will also be prescribed this drug to treat symptoms derived from these diseases.
- To treat rectal inflammation in addition to oral medication and suppositories, you can opt for a hydrocortisone cream to reduce inflammation and discomfort, however you should consult your doctor about it because when bleeding and discharge is presented using cream is not recommended.
How to treat rectal inflammation at home
Besides medical treatment for rectal inflammation, there are other important habits and practices we can easily do at home in order to recover faster from this condition. Follow these tips that will highly help in the treatment of rectal inflammation:
- It is important to avoid all foods that can naturally produce rectal and intestinal irritation such as spicy foods, caffeine or dairy. Follow a healthy diet with preferably smooth and bland foods. Take a look at our suggestion for a soft food diet menu and you'll see how the inflammation. Certain probiotics such as yogurt, tempeh or Kombucha tea can help avoid certain conditions that accompany rectal inflammation such as diarrhea.
- It is important to drink plenty of water to improve the intestinal transit and reduce constipation which is one of the most annoying symptoms of this disease. You should also increase your intake of foods rich in fiber to facilitate evacuation and reduce pain: whole grains, spinach, broccoli, oats or papaya are great options to help you improve symptoms and treat rectal inflammation.
- People who commonly practice anal sex or are prone to hemorrhoids are very likely to suffer rectal inflammation, often due to the spread of STDs. So it is very important to do so safely using special condoms for anal sex in order to avoid further infections.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to How to Treat Rectal Inflammation, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.
- If you have ended your treatment cycle and you haven't got rid of your rectal inflammation and the cause is Chron's disease or colitis, your doctor may suggest a surgical intervention.
- If proctitis is not treated in time, it can cause further complications such as pus infection, abscess, ulcer, anemia and low red blood cell count.