How to Treat Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis occurs through the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein of the body, particularly the inferior part of the thigh. When a clot is released it travels through blood stream and there is scope for it causing very serious obstructions in the brain, lungs, and heart.
The factors of risk are varied but once this has occurred we must put preventative measures into place to prevent and treat the thrombosis. At OneHowTo we explain how a deep vein thrombosis is treated.
Treatment with anticoagulants
After suffering deep vein thrombosis the treatment aims to dissolve the clot with anticoagulant medicines to prevent the formation of further emoli or the grow of existing ones.
Heparin is the first medicine that can be administered intravenously in hospital or alternatively there are other injectable preparations that can be administered at home according to the quantity and periodicity indicated by your vascular and haematologist specialist doctor and in subcutaneous format.
Treatment with oral anticoagulants
After a few weeks' treatment with heparin, the treatment with coumarin drugs, such as Sintrom, must start. It is an anticoagulant administered orally and your haematologist will be responsible to determine the daily intake and length of the treatment.
The treatment may last a few months or be for life, depending on your particular case. The dose will be defined in accordance with weekly or monthly checks of INR levels. These checks will take place in your health centre. According to the level of coagulation established in test results the dose will be adjusted. If the INR is high it means that the blood is very clotted and there will be risk of haemorrhaging. If the INR is low this means that the blood is at a normal level of coagulation.
How to prevent a future deep vein thrombosis
To address and prevent a future thrombosis, total rest for the first weeks is recommended. Furthermore, the leg where the clot was formed should remain high above the hip.
You should also use compression tights which are made to measure for each case; these help to improve the circulation and reduce risk of resulting complications. You must always wear these until your vascular specialist tells you otherwise.
On the other hand, you must avoid added risk factors associated with the deep vein thrombosis: hypocaloric diet if you are overweight, stop smoking, carry out moderate daily exercise and avoid sitting for long periods of time, such as when travelling by air or after a long convalescence due to an operation. In such cases, prophylactic doses of heparin are recommended to prevent the formation of clots.
And while taking Sintrom you must be very careful not to forget any doses and above all you must watch certain dietary conditions, for example you cannot eat green leaf vegetables due to their high content in vitamin K.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
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