How to Know if your Child has Tourette Syndrome
Registering sudden or repetitive muscle tics might lead you to believe that your child has Tourette syndrome. At a young age, children may display some involuntary movements, gestures or sounds that may slowly go away as time goes by. However, childhood is an optimum time to notice abnormal behavior in people in order to confirm or reject any health diagnoses. Tourette syndrome is often observed in children and adolescents, which prompts to early adoption of effective treatment practices.
In this OneHowTo article we hare some helpful advice on how to know if your child has Tourette syndrome.
Causes of Tourette syndrome
Research hasn’t concluded on a specific cause for Tourette syndrome but several factors are believed to play a role in its development. It is argued that genetics may influence the chance of a parent passing on the gene to the child. This means that if it runs in the family there is a greater chance of diagnosis. Also, it is being explored whether complications during labor or childbirth including low birth weight or stress during pregnancy can increase the risk. Finally, neurological causes such as an imbalance in dopamine levels in the brain could help to explain some of the symptoms.
Symptoms of Tourette syndrome
To know if your child has Tourette syndrome, you will need to check for motor tics such as blinking or head nodding and vocal tics such as sniffing, yelling and coughing. These tics must be repetitive enough, often occurring multiple times at any given time and for prolonged periods of time.
Other symptoms may include:
- Echophenomena or better known as the tendency to copy what others say or do.
- Coprolalia or better know as the tendency to use swear words or vulgarities without any control.
- Palilalia or better known as the tendency to repeat your own phrases or words.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Touretter Syndrome
Since there isn’t a specific reason known for the development of Tourette syndrome and children are often unpredictable, many diagnoses are often the result of a careful examination by a medical professional. The child might be observed by a doctor and referred to a neurologist for specific tests. Other possible disorders that may be diagnosed are obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) and other mood disorders.
The most common form of treatment applied for this condition is psychotherapy in the form of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Children are often encouraged to recognize the triggers that may cause their tics in order to better manage them through their day-to-day activities. It is also important that parents and educators are involved in the treatment for a better outcome. For extreme situations medications can be used in the form of anti-psychotics but only when the most milder forms of treatment are not resulting in the improvement of the child.
Since children are educated to manage their tics across adulthood some people argue that Tourette syndrome is misunderstood for personality traits. Consequently, it is important to observe a child from an early and eliminate the chance that children are just being children.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO doe not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis.We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
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