How to detect type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes was initially known as juvenile diabetes because it is the most common type of diabetes in children. It is an autoimmune disease where beta cells in the child's pancreas, which normally produce insulin in order to properly digest glucose, are destroyed. There are a variety of factors that cause the disease, and some are still unknown. However, there are signs and symptoms that you can look for to help you identify type 1 diabetes in adults and children.
Monitor how often you or your child urinates, and how much. If your child has high blood sugar levels, the kidneys responds by getting rid of the excess glucose through urine. Because of this, children with diabetes urinate frequently and in large volumes. If you or your child starts wetting the bed all of a sudden, this could also be a sign of type 1 diabetes.
If your baby has severe nappy rash that is worse than a normal red rash, then this could be caused by an infection, which is often a sign of diabetes. If your child has a yeast infection before puberty, this is another warning sign.
Keep track of how much water you or your child is drinking. Children with diabetes are abnormally thirsty, as they lose a lot of fluid by urinating frequently. If your child drinks a lot, their thirst is a sign that their body is trying to maintain a normal level of water.
Keep an eye on your energy levels. Children and adults with diabetes often feel tired, lethargic or exhausted, because although glucose normally supplies energy, their bodies aren't able to use it properly.
Pay attention to your child's moods. If they suddenly become irritable or bad-tempered, or are behaving in an usual way, this might be caused by diabetes.
Monitor how much your child eats. Intense hunger is a sign of diabetes, especially when your child maintains a steady - or even loses - weight, as the body is trying to get energy from food. Insulin is needed to transport glucose to your child's cells, so if there is no glucose, their organs and muscles lose energy, and this causes excessive hunger.
Weigh your child regularly. If your child has a good appetite but is losing weight, or doesn't weigh the normal amount as he/she grows, this could be a sign of diabetes. This happens because their body is breaking down muscle and stored fat, trying to provide the fuel that usually comes from glucose.
One of the decisive factors to know if an adult has type 1 diabetes is also the fact that he or she also loses a lot of weight suddenly.
Test your child's vision. Blurred vision is often an early symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar levels cause the lens of the eye to swell, which then affects vision.
Type 1 diabetes may be sometimes difficult to diagnose in adults and mistaken for type 2 diabetes. If the person does not have high blood pressure or a high triglyceride levels then it is possible that he/she has type 1 diabetes.
Ask how they're feeling. If you miss any of these early warning signs, chemicals called ketones may begin to accumulate in your child's body. This causes stomach pain, vomiting, nausea, shortness of breath, breath that smells fruity or, in extreme cases, loss of consciousness. Some parents think that these symptoms are signs of the 'flu or appendicitis, so don't pick up on them. However, this is actually a severe diabetic condition known as DKA, or diabetic ketoacidosis.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
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