How Gestational Diabetes Affects The Baby

By Max. D Gray. Updated: October 16, 2020
How Gestational Diabetes Affects The Baby

Between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy (from the sixth month) the mother can develop gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that can only be given during this period of gestation. This disorder usually alters glucose blood levels, so it may slightly alter the pregnancy. While this is not a serious illness, you should consider some tips to reduce these values and make sure everything goes smoothly.

At OneHowTo we explain how gestational diabetes affects the baby. Follow strict checks during your pregnancy, follow a healthy and balanced diet and do some exercise: this will ensure that your baby does not suffer any unnecessary risks.

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Steps to follow:

As mentioned above, gestational diabetes is not a serious illness. However, it can affect the foetus in some ways, so care is necessary. Think that about two thirds of the sugar consumed by the mother will go directly to the baby, so if glucose is very high you can overload the pancreas of the little one, affecting its development: it can grow too much. For more information, read about what foods to avoid during pregnancy.


The problem of the child growing too much because of gestational diabetes is that it can suffer more during birth. Babies weighing more than 4 kg may suffer clavicle fractures or other similar injuries when the mother gives birth.


Also, gestational diabetes can cause the little one to develop hypoglycemia once it is amongst us. It is very important to keep tabs on pregnancy to prevent the baby needing to take special medication at birth in order to balance their blood sugar levels, so you should learn what the symptoms of hypoglycemia are.


Furthermore, insulin overload in the pancreas due to excess sugar in the blood of the mother can cause jaundice at birth. This disorder is due to excessive bilirubin that causes the baby to adopt a yellowish tone in both skin and eyes.


Another issue that may be cause by this type of diabetes during pregnancy is that the child will be more likely to suffer diabetes or obesity in the future. The transmission is direct, as mum has been suffering it during pregnancy.


There are certain factors that increase the risk of diabetes during pregnancy such as obesity, genetic diabetes, previous gestational diabetes or glucose in urine being identified in earlier analyses.


To ward off the risk of gestational diabetes and not put at risk health and your baby's development, you must control blood glucose levels through eating and exercise. With these two factors you can get rid of high sugar values. When the doctor considers it appropriate, he or she may prescribe some type of medication.


In the case that you suffer gestational diabetes we recommend you follow a healthy and balanced diet and practice some sport. Walking or swimming for 30 minutes a day can help you burn energy and lower blood sugar levels. Always remember to consult your physician and perform tests, analysis and control throughout pregnancy to make sure your baby is in perfect condition.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to How Gestational Diabetes Affects The Baby, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.

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How Gestational Diabetes Affects The Baby
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