Causes of Bronchopneumonia
The main cause of bronchopneumonia is the lower airways becoming inflamed, a condition that causes a strong cough and a general feeling of malaise. In this OneHowTo article we will explain the causes of bronchopneumonia in detail. Bronchopneumonia is one of the most serious respiratory infections. First of all keep in mind that, according to the anatomical structure which is affected, a distinction is made between upper and lower respiratory infections. Below, we are going to give information on this disease, as well as its symptoms and the prescribed treatment. Continue reading to find out the causes of bronchopneumonia.
Causes of bronchopneumonia
One of the most frequent cause of bronchopneumonia is the inspiration of infectious microorganisms, i.e. viruses and bacteria that enter our body through the airways. In fact, 50% of cases of bronchopneumonia are caused by that.
In adults, the causes of this condition are usually Streptococcus pneumoniae or Staphylococcus aureus bacteria that enter our body and produce the typical symptoms of this condition. But it is also possible for other viruses such as flu or chickenpox to cause bronchopneumonia.
As this virus or bacteria enters our body, our defence mechanisms begin to be activated, which is why we experience symptoms such as cough, runny nose, fever, and so on. These are merely signs that our body is fighting infectious agents. When our defences are weakened, it is easier for germs to penetrate the lungs and thus cause infection.
There are three types of bronchopneumonia, according to where and how they appear in the body.
- Acquired bronchopneumonia : that is spread in our day to day.
- Hospital- bronchopneumonia: when a patient gets this disease when being treated in the hospital.
- Related bronchopneumonia: this is spread in both health centres and retirement homes, amongst people undergoing chemotherapy, etc.
Keep in mind that bronchopneumonia can cause serious lung disorders that must be treated as soon as possible; therefore, it is best to go to the doctor as soon as symptoms of any respiratory condition appear.
Bronchopneumonia in children
If bronchopneumonia affects a child, special care should be taken to ensure that the situation does not deteriorate. There are certain factors that can affect the development of the disease, for example, premature babies are more likely to catch it and the same goes for the children of smoking mothers or those born with congenital heart disease. In fact, of all childhood diseases, bronchopneumonia is one of the most dangerous for children as it has a high mortality rate.
Most cases occur in infants between three and six months of age although child bronchopneumonia may be seen in children of up to six years old. It is more common during the winter months and is related to lack of vitamins. Typically, the child recovers in a couple of weeks. However, if symptoms persist it will be necessary to seek medical care.
Treatment and prevention
As for treatment, in severe cases (i.e. when the infection is bacterial) hospitalisation and administration of antibiotics may be necessary. In some cases antitussives or expectorants are administered to facilitate recovery. If it is necessary to stop the fever or headache, antipyretics or analgesics are used. In addition, it is important to drink plenty of fluids, rest in ventilated rooms and eat foods rich in vitamins such as fruits and vegetables.
Advice for preventing bronchopneumonia are basic but sometimes overlooked. It is important to properly treat colds and flus because what may begin as a mild condition may deteriorate if care is not taken.
Of course, avoid smoking and drinking alcohol and follow a balanced diet with the vitamins and proteins that our body needs. Remember that vitamin C strengthens the immune system and can be found, in addition to the lemon and orange, in brussel sprouts, cauliflower, strawberries or kiwi.
This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.
If you want to read similar articles to Causes of Bronchopneumonia, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.